Diabetes compromises the health of more than 100 million Americans. If you’re among them, consult with Harvey A. Schub, MD, at Sunshine State Medical Inc. in Orlando, Florida. He can help you successfully manage the condition so you can live as healthy a life as possible and avoid serious complications like heart and kidney disease. Call the office or book an appointment using the online tool for help in diagnosing and managing diabetes.
Diabetes is a cluster of conditions that affect your metabolism. It describes a state in which you have too much sugar in your blood, which can cause serious complications, including heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve, foot, and eye problems.
Whenever you consume carbohydrates, your body converts them to glucose (sugar). You produce a hormone in your pancreas called insulin that helps move this sugar to your cells to be stored or used for energy.
If you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce insulin or doesn’t use the insulin you do produce effectively. As a result, your blood sugar levels remain chronically high.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that produces insulin. This condition is usually diagnosed in childhood and requires daily insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes means your insulin production is too low to move sugar from your blood into your cells. This type of diabetes is most often diagnosed in adulthood but is increasingly seen in younger people due to sedentary lifestyle habits and poor diets. About 90-95% of cases of diabetes are Type 2.
The symptoms of diabetes come on suddenly if you have Type 1. They often include:
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes occur much more gradually and are best identified through a blood test. Dr. Schub will recommend testing based on your medical and family history, age, and other risk factors.
Sometimes, you’ll have elevated blood sugar levels that aren’t yet considered to be Type 2 diabetes. This condition, called prediabetes, requires lifestyle changes to help you prevent developing the disease.
Dr. Schub treats diabetes with dietary changes, exercise, and medication. If you’re overweight or obese, it’s recommended that you lose weight, which can help you maintain better control over your blood sugar levels.
Regular medical monitoring of your blood sugar levels helps determine if you’re adequately managing the condition and discouraging complications from occurring.
If you have diabetes or are concerned that you might have it, call Sunshine State Medical Inc. or book an appointment using the online tool.